Reports and Information

These are technical reports completed by the state evaluator team, including baseline surveillance survey to assess non-medical use of prescription opioids and heroin use, and survey of state capacity and infrastructure baseline assessment.

Baseline Opioid Survey: Access, Consumption, Consequences, and Perceptions among Young Adults in Alaska (PDF, 470KB)

Technical Report Number 1
May 2, 2017

The ability to monitor change in the non-medical use of prescription opioids and heroin use over the five-year Alaska PFS project is important for performance measurement. However, no surveillance data currently exists to measure change over time for the specific priority areas of non-medical use of prescription opioids and heroin use, particularly among 18-25 year olds in PFS boroughs. In response to this data gap, a baseline surveillance survey to assess non-medical use of prescription opioids and heroin use among 18-25 year olds was developed and administered by CBHRS evaluators in 2016. The same survey effort will be replicated in 2019 to collect data following implementation of Alaska PFS grant activities and allow for pre-post analyses to assess change. Grantees have received data output from this survey for their individual borough. Overall baseline findings are included in the report.

Baseline Assessment: Alaska’s Capacity and Infrastructure for Prescription Opioid Misuse Prevention (PDF, 1461KB)

Technical Report Number 2
August 10, 2017

The Alaska PFS project focuses on preventing and reducing substance use and building prevention capacity and infrastructure at both the state and community levels. To determine a baseline from which to evaluate the impact of the PFS project on Alaska’s capacity and infrastructure related to opioid misuse prevention in Alaska, researchers from CBHRS conducted key informant interviews with stakeholders from a variety of relevant sectors. Results describe the current strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats; recommendations for enhancing capacity and infrastructure are also included. This capacity and infrastructure assessment will be repeated in 2019 to understand change during the project period.

Experiences of Opioid Use Initiation and Progression among Alaskans who Use Heroin

Technical Report Number 3
December 31, 2018

The opioid epidemic has continued in Alaska and nationwide. Information about the types of opioids that are misused first, the age of first use, and the circumstances and mode of initial and progressive use of opioids can help to inform effective prevention and early intervention efforts. These topics were explored during interviews with adults in Alaska who use heroin for the Partnerships for Success project. Results indicate that most participants were exposed to opioids through a legitimate prescription in their teens to early twenties for a severe injury or multiple surgeries before developing an addiction. Some obtained prescription opioids for misuse initially from social sources such as a friend, at a party, or stealing them from a neighbor. Only two participants began their use of opioids with heroin. All participants eventually went on to use heroin which became cheaper, more effective, and easier to obtain than prescription opioids. Few participants indicated that social influences, rather than price or availability, were a factor in their transition to heroin. Recommendations and an overview of recent state prevention initiatives and policy efforts related to the findings are presented.